Resume B.Inggris= PARTS OF A SENTENCE

Name: I Gusti Ngurah Thierry

NIM: 12410100096

Class: P3




PARTS OF A SENTENCE


Subject  

The subject of a sentence is the noun---or word group acting as a noun---that performs the action expressed in the predicate of a sentence or clause. The subject may be one word: Sally loves chocolate. The subject may be in a noun phrase:
    Seeing the parade was exciting.
    The black and white dog was barking fiercely at the stranger.



Predicate  

The predicate is the part of the clause or sentence that says something about the subject. In other words, the part of the sentences that is not the subject and its modifiers is the predicate. A predicate can be one word or several words, not all of which are verbs.
The principal part of the predicate is the verb.

    The dog sniffed. 

    The dog has been sniffing.

    The dog sniffed, looked around, and growled.

Compound verbs are two or more verbs joined by a conjunction, (in this sentence, the word and) and relating to the same subject. The subject of the following sentences is cobra:

    The cobra saw the dog coming closer and raised itself into striking position.
    The cobra hissed, opened its hood, and prepared to strike.
Complete predicates are all the words in a clause or sentence except the subject and its modifiers:
    The cobra saw the dog coming closer and raised itself into striking position.
    The agile dog moved from side to side rapidly, trying to corner the cobra.


  
Objects

The object of a sentence can be a noun, pronoun, or word group that acts as a noun, and receives the action of a verb or is influenced by a transitive verb, verbal (a word derived from a verb, i.e., gerund, infinitive, and participle), or a preposition.  (More on Objects)
1.   Direct object: Receives the action of a verb or verbal and frequently follows it in a sentence. Direct objects are often needed to complete the thought of a sentence. "Rueben reads the newspaper."  "Reuben reads" is a complete sentence, but it doesn’t express the complete thought. Reuben reads what? He reads the newspaper.
2.  Indirect object: Tells for whom, to whom, or to what something is done. "Reuben reads his grandmother the newspaper." Reuben reads the newspaper to whom? to his grandmother. Grandmother is the indirect object. Pronouns are also used as indirect objects: "Reuben reads her the newspaper."  Indirect objects often come between the verb and the direct object.
 The sentence could also be: "Reuben reads the newspaper to his grandmother." The prepositional phrase to his grandmother is the indirect object of the sentence.
3.  Object of Preposition:  Objects follow prepositions and are linked by them to the rest of the sentence.   (See Prepositional Phrase)


Complements   (See also complements page)

A word or word group that completes the meaning of a subject, an object, or a verb.

1.  Subject complement: Follows a linking verb and modifies or refers to the subject. It may be a noun (also known as a predicate noun or nominative) or an adjective (also known as a predicate adjective).
    Olivia is pretty. (The adjective pretty is a subject complement; it describes the subject, Olivia.)
    Annie is an English teacher. (The noun phrase English teacher is also a subject complement; it describes Annie.)
2.  Object complement: Follows and modifies or refers to a direct object.  
    Blake considers American television silly. (Television is the direct object. silly describes television; it is the object complement.)
    The judges elected her Miss Brazil, 2002. (Miss Brazil is the object complement, describing the direct object her.)

3.  Verb complement: This is a direct or indirect object of a verb. It may be a noun, pronoun, or word or word group acting as a noun.

    Aunt Bertie gave Patty my dessert. (Patty is the indirect object, my dessert is the direct object of the verb gave. Both are considered verb complements.)

Sumber: 
1.      Understanding and Using English grammar (the third edition) by Betty Schrampfer Azar
2.      Cliffs TOEFL Preparation Guide by Michael A. Pyle, M. A. and Mary Ellen Munoz Page, M. A.

Refferal:
English One, Reading Text book STIKOM SURABAYA, " Perpustakaan, Nomor Induk Buku 25551. Rak 425 PUS E

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